The growing popularity of bike-share represents a shift toward embracing shared-transport networks. But there’s a much larger picture to consider.
The following is an excerpt from the chapter “A General Theory of Walkability” in the book Walkable City: How Downtown Can Save America, One Step at A Time:
The General Theory of Walkability explains how, to be favored, a walk has to satisfy four main conditions: it must be useful, safe,…
Los Angeles once had one of the most extensive and efficient transit systems in the world. In the 1930s the famous Pacific-Electric red trolleys (along with streetcar transit systems in forty-four other cities) were bought up by a consortium, National City Lines, composed of General Motors, Firestone Tyres, Mack Trucks, and Standard Oil—and closed down.
The L.A. Freeway era was born in the wake of this decision. It was not, however, a community decision—it was a commercial one, and illegal at that. National City Lines was found to have broken antitrust laws and was fined $5,000. However, this commercial decision basically ended the Transit City era in the United States, particularly once the Federal Highway System began in 1956."